are going to read a story about a natural phenomenon*
in Australia. When you finish reading, answer these questions.
How are people in cities affected by bushfires? 2.
What example does the writer use to explain how a fire can
be started by human carelessness? 3. How do fires help plants? 4. The fire was very close to the writer's
house. Why couldn't she smell smoke?
phenomena is plural phenomenon
is singular Droughts, floods and typhoons are natural phenomena.
An earthquake is a natural phenomenon.
summer in Australia we experience bushfires. 'Bush'
means forest. So the fires are mostly in the forest.
However, our cities are expanding. Now some suburbs
are on the edges of the bush. Sometimes the fires
reach the outer suburbs and houses are destroyed.
the fires start because people are careless. Maybe
someone is driving and they throw their cigarette
out of the car window. It lands near some leaves and
a small fire starts. The fire grows and soon it turns
into a major bushfire.
are natural in Australia. We have had them for many
thousands of years. They can be caused by strong sunlight
on leaves. Many of our plants have adapted to bushfires.
A mature plant drops seeds and the seeds lie on the
ground for years. They don't open. They don't grow.
They need a fire. After a fire the seeds open and
new plants grow.
close to a fire a few months ago. My house backs on
to the bush. I heard strange noises so I walked out
my back door and saw a huge wall of fire just 50 steps
from my house. Fire fighters with fire trucks were
fighting it. It was both amazing and frightening.
We were very lucky because the wind was blowing away
from us. We could see the fire, but we couldn't smell
it. The wind carried everything in the other direction.
If the wind had turned, the fire would have raced
up the garden and destroyed my house and the houses
of my neighbours.
I am very
grateful to the firemen and the volunteers who risk
their lives every Summer to protect us.
Look at the words used to begin the sentences in the first
paragraph. Every, So, However, Now, Sometimes & So far
Now think about natural phenomena in your country. What kinds of natural phenomena
do you have in your country? Do you have earthquakes or
floods? Do you have typhoons or droughts?
are two parts to this task.
ONE - Write three sentences.
Use any three of these words in sentences
- Every, However, So, Now, Sometimes, So far.
TWO - Write about a natural phenomenon in
1. Start with some general information about the phenomenon..
2. Then give some details or information about a recent
3. Write a little about your feelings or experience.
4. Conclusion - make a general statement about the
the bushfire story for examples and ideas.
your teacher has asked you to complete this lesson, please
give your writing to him or her.
have completed this lesson.
Back to Intermediate
have finished. A
teacher will correct your work and send it back to you.