You are going to read a text about the process of recycling fluorescent
First, look at the diagram. Can you understand it? What would you write about it?
Next, read the text.
There are two things to notice in the text.
We often use passive voice when we are
desribing a process.
PASSIVE: The cake was eaten.
ACTIVE: Marion ate the cake.
Why do you think we use passive voice? Read the text
to see if you can guess.
The other thing to notice is the use of sequence
First, second and third are sequence words. Read the text and
note the other sequence words used.
xxxxx RECYCLING FLUORESCENT LAMPS
The diagram illustrates the process of recycling waste fluorescent lamps. It is a five or six step process which begins with collecting waste lamps and ends with the waste material being ready to be reused.
First, waste fluorescent lamps are collected. Then they are put into a lamp crushing device. The next step in the process involves the components being divided into three separate waste products which are powder (or Hg), metal or (Al) and glass. At that point the metal and glass are ready for recycling and go to the recycling area. However, the powder still has to undergo an additional treatment. A thermal process is applied to the powder. After this, the resulting product, calcium phosphate, is sent along with the metal and glass to the recycling area.
In just a few steps the original waste product is processed and changed to a form that can be re-used.
- We often use passive voice when we are talking about
processes because usually we are not so interested in who does an
action. We are more interested in the process itself.
Note the difference:
PASSIVE: Fluorescent lamps are collected.
ACTIVE: Workers collect the fluorescent lamps.
PASSIVE: they are put into
ACTIVE: workers put them into
PASSIVE: A thermal process is applied
ACTIVE: Workers apply a thermal process
PASSIVE: product is processed
ACTIVE: workers process the product
2. SEQUENCE WORDS - The sequence words used were,
first, then, and after this. Clearly we can only
use first at the start, but it doesn't matter in what order we use then, next and after that.
We can repeat one
word if we like. We could use then all the time after the
first action, but we usually use other words to add a bit of variety
to our writing.