ACADEMIC ENGLISH

PERSUASIVE ESSAYS - AC1
(page 1)


In this lesson we are going to look at
1.
PLAGIARISM
2.
QUOTATIONS
3.
READING THE QUESTION
4.
THE STRUCTURE OF AN ESSAY

1. Plagiarism

Plagiarism =copying someone else's work and presenting it as your own.

In a piece of academic writing you cannot copy work from a book, from the Internet, from someone else's essay or from any other source and present it as your own.

If you do use someone else's work without changing it you must put it in quotation marks and cite* the source. If you make some changes, but the ideas are not your own you must still cite the source.

to cite = to say where you got something from / to quote something


2. Quotations

quotation = a direct quote from another source.

You must put it in quotation marks  "  "   and you must say where you got it from.

"It is essential that you cite the source of the information properly. There are two reasons for this. First, your readers will want to know where you got the information so that they can judge its credibility and so that they know where to go if they want to dive deeper into the subject. Second, not citing your sources is plagiarism. Plagiarism is perhaps the most serious student crime you can commit ... Serious, intentional pagiarism can get you thrown out of school in a heartbeat." (1)

Note the features of the quote above.
1. It is relevant to the topic.
2. It is in quotes "  " .
3. It is more than one line long so it is indented (= moved a small distance from the left hand side of the page.
4. Near the end a few words from the original quote were dropped, so I used ... to show that some words are missing.
5. I used a reference to a footnote (1). This means that the reader needs to look at the bottom of the page to find out where I took this quote from.

Look at the footnote at the bottom.
The features of a footnote are:
1. A number to make it clear and easy to find the quote and the details of where it came from.
2. You can see the author's name and the name of the document.

Quoting from:
The Internet
You need to include the following information if it is available.
a. the author's name
b. the name of the document
c. the date on which it was published
d. the internet address of the page you took the quote from
e. the date you found the quote (in brackets)

A Book
You need to include the following:
a. name of Author/s - family name followed by initials Rowling, J.K.
b. year of publication (in brackets)
c. title of book
d. name of publisher
e. page number/s the quote came from


(1) W. K. Durfee, "Citations in a Report"
< http://www.me.umn.edu/courses/me4054/info/citations.html> (19 January, 2005)