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INTERMEDIATE- GRAMMAR & VOCAB - LESSON ONE


BREAK
Look at these phrasal verbs and expressions with break.

TO BREAK DOWN
My car broke down again!
My car has broken down.
My car always breaks down.

    We use break down for machines that stop working.

A NERVOUS BREAKDOWN
Sue had a nervous breakdown after her divorce.
Barry's father had a breakdown when his business went bankrupt.
People sometimes have a nervous breakdown when their marriage ends or if their business goes bankrupt.
Many young parents feel like they are on the verge of a nervous breakdown when their babies cry constantly. It can be a very stressful time.

     A breakdown is a loss of control.

TO BREAK EVEN
Paul bought a house for $100,000. He spent $50,000 fixing it up and sold it for $150,000. He didn't make a profit, but he didn't make a loss either. He broke even.
Jenna invested a lot of money on shares last year. Now the market has fallen. She will be lucky if she breaks even!

     If you break even you don't make a profit or a loss.

TO BREAK IN
Alex's house was broken into last night. The burglar took his university money and his aunt's purse.
Someone broke into Jill's house too.
I can see a man breaking into the house across the road, I'd better call the police.

     To break into something is to enter illegaly

 

Finish these sentences using break down, breakdown, break even or break into.
Take care with your grammar!

Example: (My car __________ again yesterday.)

1. (Paul hopes that he can ____________ in his first year in business.)

2. (Someone will __________ your house if you don't get better security.)

3. (John had a __________ when Lyn left him.)

4. (I couldnt' send any faxes yesterday because the fax machine had __________ ).