YOU SICK? Vocabulary
There are four words we often use when we are sick:
pain, ache, sore, hurt. How do we use them? Do they have
the same meaning?
all have basically the same meaning, but pain and ache
are a little stronger. The grammar is different for all of them.
have a headache. (ache is a noun)
I have a sore head. (sore is an adjective)
I have a pain in my head. (pain is a noun)
My head hurts. (hurt is a verb)
ACHE Ache is usually a noun. It comes after the body part. (ear ache,
stomach ache, headache, toothache).
Ache can also be a verb. 'My finger aches.'
Sore is an adjective. It comes before the noun/body part. (sore arm, sore
leg, sore tooth, sore knee)
It can also be a noun. 'I have a sore on my leg.'
When 'sore' is a noun, it is something we can see. If you have a sore
on your leg, I can see it! Look out for the preposition 'on'. If I have
a sore leg, you can't see anything. If I have a sore on
my leg. You can see it.
Pain is a noun. It is usually followed by 'in.' (a pain in my arm, a pain
in my toe)
However, it is also
possible to put 'in' before 'pain.' ('I am in pain.')
Hurt is a verb. It follows the subject. (His eye hurts, his ankle hurts,
his shoulder hurts)
at these sentences.
I have a stomach ache.
She has a pain in her arm.
His foot hurts.
She has a sore tooth
one word into the spaces below. (ache, sore, pain, hurts)
He has a tooth
2. She has a
in her chest.
3. Her leg
4. They ran 10 kilometres. They have
5. He fell over. His foot
6. David has a
in his leg.
7. Mel has a
8. Adam has an ear
9. Dana has a
on her arm.
10. Phil's tooth still