There are four words we often use when we are sick: pain, ache, sore, hurt. How do we use them? Do they have the same meaning?

They all have basically the same meaning, but pain and ache are a little stronger. The grammar is different for all of them.

I have a headache. (ache is a noun)
I have a sore head. (sore is an adjective)
I have a pain in my head. (pain is a noun)
My head hurts. (hurt is a verb)

Ache is usually a noun. It comes after the body part. (ear ache, stomach ache, headache, toothache).
Ache can also be a verb. 'My finger aches.'

Sore is an adjective. It comes before the noun/body part. (sore arm, sore leg, sore tooth, sore knee)
It can also be a noun. 'I have a sore on my leg.'
When 'sore' is a noun, it is something we can see. If you have a sore on your leg, I can see it! Look out for the preposition 'on'. If I have a sore leg, you can't see anything. If I have a sore on my leg. You can see it.

Pain is a noun. It is usually followed by 'in.' (a pain in my arm, a pain in my toe)

However, it is also possible to put 'in' before 'pain.' ('I am in pain.')

Hurt is a verb. It follows the subject. (His eye hurts, his ankle hurts, his shoulder hurts)

Look at these sentences.
I have a stomach ache.
She has a pain in her arm.
His foot hurts.
She has a sore tooth

Put one word into the spaces below. (ache, sore, pain, hurts)

1. He has a tooth .
2. She has a in her chest.
3. Her leg .
4. They ran 10 kilometres. They have feet.
5. He fell over. His foot .
6. David has a in his leg.
7. Mel has a neck.
8. Adam has an ear .
9. Dana has a on her arm.
10. Phil's tooth still .

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