at the story again. Some of the words are missing. Choose the correct
word to finish each sentence.
is English So Hard? "The
language spoken in London was the language that was recorded."
at these words for 'father.'
English - father
German - vater
Latin - pater
Sanskrit - pitr.
are the words so similar in all these languages?
answer is simple. These languages
and influences. They are all members of the Indo-European family
of languages. The British people in the 6th century spoke Celtic.
Germanic words to the language. Around the 12th century the Normans
brought Latin words. Strange things began to happen. For example,
from from Latin and 'man' from European. We put them together in
the word 'gentleman.' Sometimes words with the same meaning came
from several languages and they all
today. 'Wish' is Germanic and 'desire' is French. From the 16th
century many Greek and Latin words came into the English. Shakespeare
created and introduced more than 2000 words. Examples are 'critical,'
'majestic' and 'pedant.'
printing press in
London in 1476. The language spoken in London became the standard.
The first English dictionary was published in 1604. In the 19th
century the Industrial Revolution began. New words were needed to
describe machinery, processes and discoveries. Many of these new
words were Latin and Greek. Words like 'oxygen,' 'protein' and 'vaccine'
came into the language. Global trade increased and there were more
influences. Words were adopted and
many different languages. 'Shampoo' and 'pyjamas' came from Hindi,
'sauna' from Finnish and 'tycoon' from Japanese.' English is still
you have trouble with spelling and pronunciation, it is not surprising.
With all different
influences on the language, there is not a clear set of rules for
spelling and pronunciation. Some people want to standardise the
spelling of English so that it is phonetic. Maybe it is a good idea!