is English So Hard?
language spoken in London was the language that was recorded."
at these words for 'father.'
English - father
German - vater
Latin - pater
Sanskrit - pitr.
are the words so similar in all these languages?
answer is simple. These languages share similar beginnings and influences.
They are all members of the Indo-European family of languages. The
British people in the 6th century spoke Celtic. Europeans brought
Germanic words to the language. Around the 12th century the Normans
brought Latin words. Strange things began to happen. For example,
'gentle' comes from from Latin and 'man' from European. We put them
together in the word 'gentleman.' Sometimes words with the same
meaning came from several languages and they all remain today. 'Wish'
is Germanic and 'desire' is French. From the 16th century many Greek
and Latin words came into the English. Shakespeare created and introduced
more than 2000 words. Examples are 'critical,' 'majestic' and 'pedant.'
printing press was introduced in London in 1476. The language spoken
in London became the standard. The first English dictionary was
published in 1604. In the 19th century the Industrial Revolution
began. New words were needed to describe machinery, processes and
discoveries. Many of these new words were Latin and Greek. Words
like 'oxygen,' 'protein' and 'vaccine' came into the language. Global
trade increased and there were more influences. Words were adopted
and adapted from many different languages. 'Shampoo' and 'pyjamas'
came from Hindi, 'sauna' from Finnish and 'tycoon' from Japanese.'
English is still changing today.
you have trouble with spelling and pronunciation, it is not surprising.
With all these different influences on the language, there is not
a clear set of rules for spelling and pronunciation. Some people
want to standardise the spelling of English so that it is phonetic.
Maybe it is a good idea!